The World of Life Sciences

Looking at the world of machine vision, you might think its major applications are strictly found in the industrial sphere. Many exciting developments in imaging and machine vision do come from manufacturing and logistics, but it can be applied to virtually any field.

Those with a strong engineering background who want to explore exciting new career options shouldn’t forget about life sciences. In today’s technology-driven world, life science is the realm of research, development, technology transfer, and commercialization in the following areas:

  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Biomedical Technology and Devices
  • Nutra/Cosmeceuticals
  • Environmental Science 

That’s only a broad overview – within those categories, you can find dozens of fields that may be of interest. In addition to cutting-edge medical and therapeutic categories, life sciences also refers to many traditional aspects of biology and environmental study: Botany, zoology, cell biology, physiology, immunology, genetics, biochemistry, and ecology – all of which are considered under the life sciences umbrella.

Which Life Sciences Fields are Most in Need of Top Technical Talent?

The drive to study and catalog the facts in the natural world is something that all the different areas of life science have in common. While each area of study might have different methods of researching the natural populations that concern them, they collect and correlate observations according to strict scientific standards. That said there are certainly some areas that get great attention from today’s leading engineers – often those that push the boundaries of what technology can do.

Let’s look at some areas where life science is evolving fast:

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineers are involved in the development of new medical products to help resolve clinical issues. They design and test equipment and provide expertise on ensuring that the final, market-ready version of a product adheres to medical regulations in its target geography. They can be involved in diagnostics, implantation, rehabilitation, or clinical care.


Knowledge about human genes is increasingly important in healthcare. For many years, genetics experts have been focused on mapping various human and animal genomes. Now, that wisdom is being applied in the form of new genetic testing and therapies. Applied genetics helps to keep patients informed about potential health risks and tailor treatment to maximize therapeutic value.


In the most general sense, nanotechnology refers to engineering applications involving materials that measure 1/1000th of a meter. Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to human health. Nanoparticles have already been used to aid in the distribution, absorption, and biological interaction of pharmaceutical drugs. Many promising developments are on the horizon.


Biocomputing is the emerging field that seeks to synthesize computing technology and organic life. Biocomputers of the future may contain biological components or even function as complex organic systems in their own right. To perform computations, they process engineered biological materials, especially proteins, through defined metabolic pathways.

The fascinating world of life sciences is growing. There are now more opportunities than ever for skilled engineers!


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