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Key Golf Swing Camera Metrics to Improve Player Performance

POSTED 05/01/2024

For golf simulator system providers and their developers, selecting the perfect golf camera setup is fraught with challenges. It involves complex technical specifications and a clear understanding of the game. Moreover, developers must navigate the complexities of golf swing camera placement.

Finally, balancing these technical demands while ensuring the system remains accessible and user-friendly adds another layer of complexity!

In this blog, you’ll get expert insights on golf simulator systems and the must-have camera features.

Popularity of Golf Simulator Systems

Golf simulator systems have adapted to various environments, suitable for indoor and outdoor use. Outdoor simulators offer the realism of playing in a natural setting, while indoor simulators provide a controlled environment where players can practice and play regardless of external conditions. It has made golf simulators popular among a wide range of users.

For example, golf simulators provide an engaging way for enthusiasts to play the game from their homes. Amateur golfers find great value in the detailed feedback and analysis provided by simulators. Professionals also use golf simulators as a training tool. The high level of accuracy and analytics help them fine-tune their strategies, practice specific shots, and prepare for tournaments.

As you may know, indoor golf swing cameras have recently become popular, given their analytical capabilities. Modern simulators capture detailed data about each swing, offering insights into swing speed, ball trajectory, spin, and more. Thus, players can analyze their performance and make informed adjustments to their technique. Moreover, the indoor setting offers a year-round, weather-proof golfing option.

Edge computing and recording-based analysis

Systems that are capable of processing data on the edge, directly within indoor or outdoor golf simulators, enable feedback after every shot. Such real-time analysis lets players quickly understand the dynamics of their swing, the ball’s trajectory, speed, spin, etc. They can make immediate changes and try different strategies on the spot.

The analytics software that processes recorded video after the end of each game also complements this immediate feedback. It offers performance data with insights that might not be apparent in real time. Golfers can analyze their swings in slow motion, compare performance over time, and identify consistent patterns or areas of improvement.

Key Golf Swing Camera Metrics to Improve Player Performance

To enhance player performance, the below metrics are typically shared by simulator providers in a comprehensive dashboard:

  • Distance: Tracks the ball’s travel, informing club selection
  • Club speed: Influences the ball’s speed and distance
  • Ball speed: Direct indicates the shot’s potential distance
  • Launch angle: Determines the ball’s trajectory
  • Shot type: Identifies patterns like draws, fades, hooks, or slices
  • Spin: Influences the height and curvature of the shot

How Golf Swing Cameras Offer Metrics

Golf cameras in indoor or outdoor simulators continuously capture high-speed video footage of the golfer’s swing and the ball’s trajectory. They record detailed movement at high frame rates so that every phase of the swing and the flight of the ball are captured.

The data is then processed by software that analyzes the footage in real time, extracting key performance metrics such as swing speed, ball speed, launch angle, and spin. The cameras are strategically placed to cover different angles, analyzing the golfer’s technique and the ball’s path.

Single-camera setups provide a straightforward means of capturing golf swings. While offering a simpler approach, the effectiveness in analyzing a swing depends heavily on its positioning relative to the golfer.

Multiple golf camera setups enable a detailed analysis of the swing. They allow coaches and players to dissect each element of the swing, from head position to posture, with greater accuracy. These setups can capture:

Golf Swing Position

  • Head position: Multiple angles ensure that any vertical or lateral movement of the head can be closely monitored.
  • Face position: Frontal and side views captured by multiple cameras can accurately assess face alignment.
  • Arm position: Overhead and side views can be used to evaluate arm bend and positioning.
  • Posture: Different camera angles can collectively offer a detailed analysis of the golfer’s posture, from address to follow-through.
  • Distance and angle: Multiple cameras can help determine the swing path, the attack angle, and the distance between the swing and the ball.

Must-Have Golf Swing Camera Features

Global shutter and pixel size

In case of analyzing a golf swing, the rapid movement of the club can lead to blurred images in cameras equipped with a rolling shutter. Hence, the global shutter mode captures each frame in its entirety at the same moment, thereby eliminating the distortion observed in fast-moving objects.

Also, a larger pixel size enhances image quality, particularly in low-light conditions, by capturing more light and reducing noise. This combination makes sure that every phase of the swing, from the backswing to the impact with the ball and the follow-through, is recorded with sharp, clear images.

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It also contributes to the reliability and depth of the data captured. Thus, a detailed examination of the swing mechanics in environments where lighting might not be optimal can be performed. Instructors and players can better analyze the swing in slow motion to identify improvement opportunities.

High frame rate and high resolution

Golf cameras are powered by the capability to capture images at both high frame rates and high resolutions. Cameras can operate at up to 240 frames per second and sensors such as IMX568 with multi-ROI features could support up to 1160 fps. These high frame rates enable the camera to capture smooth, detailed footage of the golf swing.

High frame rates, combined with high-resolution settings, ensure that every phase of the golf swing, from the initial grip to the moment the ball makes contact with the club, is captured. This dual capability helps perform a nuanced examination of the swing mechanics, pinpointing areas for improvement.

Camera controls

Exposure and gain settings are important in achieving the desired image quality. Exposure adjustments ensure that the images are neither too dark nor too bright. In comparison, gain controls can enhance the image in low-light conditions, although with the potential trade-off of increased noise. Balancing these settings helps capture the best possible image.


Optics play a big role in golf cameras, especially when used in indoor simulators where space is limited. These simulators are set up in areas with limited space, which poses a challenge for capturing the full scope of a golf swing. The limited area requires a camera setup that can cover the golfer and the swing trajectory without requiring a large distance between the camera and the subject.

To address this challenge, a wide-angle lens becomes ideal. These lenses can capture a broader view of the scene so that the entire golf swing, from the initial stance to the follow-through, is within the frame. Wide-angle optics also ensure that despite being closer to the subject, the camera can still cover the necessary area to provide a complete view of the swing.

Another critical component of optics is the lens’ focus mechanism. The lens must maintain a sharp focus on the golfer and the golf ball throughout the swing motion. Also, the stability of the lens, including gluing and mounting, is crucial to prevent any vibration or movement during the swing capture. Any shift in the lens position or focus could lead to blurred images or footage, undermining the analysis’s accuracy.


The interface through which the golf camera connects to the system — be it USB, Ethernet, MIPI, or GMSL — determines the speed and reliability of data transfer. Each interface has its advantages, with choices often depending on the needs regarding distance from the processing unit, data transfer speed, and installation complexity.

Synchronization and sensor fusion support

Multi-camera setups must be accurately synchronized for each camera to capture footage at the exact same moment. These setups also require the right support systems, including mounts and frames that securely hold cameras in the optimal positions and orientations.

Incorporating Infrared (IR) LEDs can also enhance the system’s ability to capture clear images regardless of ambient lighting conditions. Beyond cameras, indoor or outdoor golf simulators can integrate other sensors to enrich the simulation experience, including motion sensors, pressure mats, etc.

e-con Systems – a Trusted Provider of Golf Swing Cameras

e-con Systems has 20+ years of experience in designing, developing, and manufacturing OEM cameras. Our off-the-shelf and custom cameras are equipped with features critical for capturing the dynamic and rapid movements of a golf swing, such as high frame rates, global shutters, high resolution, and more.

We understand the unique challenges of integrating cameras into indoor or outdoor golf simulators. Hence, we offer extensive support to developers, from selecting the right camera setup to customizing firmware to meet application requirements.

Some of our best-fit golf cameras include:

To explore our full produce portfolio, go to our Camera Selector page.